Nacházíte se zde: Úvod Abstrakty 2/2016 Autobiografie v českém středověku

Autobiografie v českém středověku

Marie Bláhová

Abstract: This is an overview of the first instances of the realization of personality in Bohemia,

which appear in historical literature from the 12th century and lead to the essay on medieval autobiographies.

Although in the Middle Ages autobiographies were rare both in Bohemia as well as in

other countries within the Latin cultural circle we are able to identify three significant autobiographies

from different social environments, of different literary type and with different functions

within two centuries of the late medieval period: First, the autobiography of Charles IV. This was

the autobiography of a monarch written as a reflection of a Prince aimed at the author ’ s heirs to

provide an image of the upbringing and behaviour of an exemplary monarch. The second text of

this type is the autobiographical letter of former Archbishop of Prague, Jan of Jenštejn, in which

the author used his own destiny to explain his political failure. At the very end of the medieval

period, Christoph of Týn, a minor nobleman who gained social success in the Emperor ’ s army

and in diplomatic services, wrote an autobiography, where he wanted to show his descendants

and future heirs how to increase the family estates legally, through honest endeavour so that they

would not be ashamed of their heritage and doubt its respectable provenace. All of the authors

mentioned had their own particular reasons for writing an autobiography. Naturally, all of these

autobiographies are subjective, the narration is tailored to its purpose – political goals, justification

of one ’ s failure, “substantiation” for and expression of pride in legally gained property.

 

Keywords: medieval autobiographies; Czech Midle Ages; autobiography of Charles IV; Jan of

Jenštejn; Christoph of Týn

 

DOI: 10.14712/23363525.2016.9

 

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